Birgi which still keeps its characteristics of being an ottoman town is located about 110 km away from Izmir. Recent years more and more tourists have been aware of the existence of this typical ottoman-styled town and now many travel companies have put this lovely place into their Turkey Tour programmes.
The history of the town having a population of 3000 dates back to 2000 BC. Through history it lived the periods of Frigians, Persians, the Kingdom of Pergamon, Rome, Byzantium, Dynasty of Aydınogulları "Aydınids" or Aydin Beylik and finally the Ottoman Empire. In the 7th century BC the town was named as Dios Hieron meaning "the city of Zeus". That's why for a long time the researchers have searched for a big temple dedicated to Zeus in the region. When christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire in 395 AD, with the purpose of destroying all signs of paganism, the name of the town was also changed into Christopolis meaning "the city of Christ". During the Byzantine period the name of the town was called Prygian, a Greek word meaning "Fortress". And this was the name where today's name was derived from.